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高考英语之教你如何利用语法填空提分

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点击次数:  更新时间:2018-12-29 09:48:17  【打印此页】  【关闭
  语法填空一直是一个比较难的题型,对于艺术生的基础有一定挑战,语法填空的解题步骤大致如下:
  
  第一步,通读全文,跳过空词,阅读理解整句段落大致意思;
  
  第二步,先将跳读后比较好理解填写的词填上,初步完成语句段落;
  
  第三步,将容易填写的词填完后,再来补填较难理解的空词处;
  
  第四步,将空白词句处全部填写完之后,再来从头过一遍,看看整段话语句是否通顺,最后完成语法填空。
  
  由此可见语法填空也是有规律可循的,对于高考英语基础较为薄弱的艺术生来说,制定一套专门针对性的训练方案,是有很大的几率能够在短时间内战略性提高大分的!
  
  历年来高考英语中,语法填空题的特点均有一些共性,答题的技巧大致如下:
  
  1)当断句给出动词基本形态时,填写词性词形转化(转为形容词、名词)或填写谓语部分,可能需要填写两、三个词或是填写非谓语动词;
  
  2)当断句给出形容词时,就需要填写比较级、最高级或词性词形转化,转化为副词,或是填写反义词(段句前缀);
  
  3)当断句给出副词时,填写比较级、最高级,或是填写反义词;
  
  4)当断句不给提示词时,主要填写介词、连词、冠词和代词。
  
  通过以上4点技巧知识,我们可以看出有提示词考查:非谓语动词、谓语动词、副词、名词以及形容词。而无提示词考查:介词、代词、冠词、连词。下面让我们来一起分析一下,以名词考点为例的语法填空题的出题思路和答题思路。
  
  形容词+名词:
  
  1.Chengdu has dozens of new millionaires, Asia’s biggest building, and fancy new hotels. But for tourists like me, pandas are its top _____(attract).(2016 全国卷)
  
  2.A good _____( choose) is to take the deserving person to dinner, or to an entertainment or a sporting event. (2017武汉市四调)
  
  解析:
  
  1.“its top attraction” 考察的是 “物主代词+形容词+名词”这是一个复合型的考点,一般所见到的是“物主代词+名词”或“形容词+名词”,因此需要有动词变成名词“attraction”.
  
  2.考察不定冠词“a+名词单数”的用法,因此填choice.
  
  名词的单复数:
  
  3.The nursery team switches him every few _____(day) with his sister so that while one is being bottle-fed, the other is with mum-she never suspects.(2016全国卷)
  
  4.This trend, which was started by the medical community(医学界)as a method of fighting heart disease, has had some unintended side _____(effect) such as overweight and heart disease—the very thing the medical community was trying to fight. (2017全国卷)
  
  5. A mere five to 10 minutes a day of running reduced the risk of heart disease and early deaths from all _____(cause). (2018全国卷)
  
  6.When visiting the home of a colleague from one of these _____(country ),it is normally appropriate to bring a gift to the hostess. (2018武汉市四调)
  
  解析:
  
  3.“few days”意为“几天”,few+名词复数。
  
  4.“side effects”意为“副作用”,effect是可数名词,要用复数形式。
  
  5.“all+名词复数”,填causes。
  
  6.“these+名词复数”,“这些国家”,填countries。
  
  动名词:
  
  7.You may drink, smoke,be overweight and still reduce your risk of _____(die) early by running. (2018全国卷)
  
  解析:
  
  7.固定搭配“risk of doing”,die变dying。
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